Insights

Private Equity: A Primer on the Letter of Intent (LOI)

  • Peter Lynch
This post references an example LOI template, which is available for download. The company described in the LOI is fictional.

A Letter of Intent (LOI) is a largely non-binding document entered into by the potential sellers and buyers of a company. This document helps serve as a guide for the documentation required to consummate the transaction (the “definitive agreements”). The primary objectives of the LOI are twofold:

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Intercreditor Agreement Overview

  • Peter Lynch

I once worked on a transaction where every item had been negotiated and all documentation was drafted and in final format, but a single number in the Subordination and Intercreditor Agreement nearly caused the entire transaction to fall apart.

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LBO Pro Forma Balance Sheet Adjustments

  • Peter Lynch

The purpose of this post is to translate the language surrounding purchase accounting into a financial template with instructions that cover the balance sheet adjustments for most control transactions.

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Example Due Diligence Lists and Deal Process Overview

  • Peter Lynch

Providing an initial due diligence list is often a great way to initiate transaction-related dialogue with a CEO or management team interested in exploring a capital raise or sale of the business. Typically a due diligence list will evolve and expand as interest in a transaction grows, but it can be intimidating if the initial list provided is too thorough. Collecting a large amount of company data and presenting it in a shareable format takes considerable effort, which makes a short diligence list a helpful introduction. The template available for download contains two such due diligence lists.

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Excel: List All Worksheets in a Workbook on One Tab

  • Peter Lynch

If you are working with dozens of worksheets that are formatted in identical fashion (think of a company that has multiple locations with the same line items), then the ability to list all of these worksheets on one tab can be extremely helpful. As you will see in the template available for download, this permits retreiving data with the =INDIRECT function from each individual worksheet.

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